Geographical Information Systems (GIS)


Andrew U. Frank, "Geographic Information Systems: A Challenge to Computer Graphics" State of the Art Reports Eurographics'93, Barcelona, Spain, 1993.

Robert Weibel, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Visualization, State of the Art Reports Eurographics'94, Oslo, Norway, 1994.

Hanan Samet, "Applications of Spatial Data Structure to Computer Graphics, Image processing, and GIS", Addison-Wesley, 1990.


Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are tools to collect, manage, and present information about our planet. GIS are information systems that deal with spatial or spatially related information. That is, the information is tied to a specific area of the earth. They can be used for public administration, e.g., cartography, property registers, utility routing (electrical, water, serer, cable, telephone lines, etc.). They can be used for environmental studies, both for a local area or the entire earth. For example, biologist might correlate a particular animal population with other plant features, temperatures, elevations, etc., all of which are spatial data. Historians, economists, anthropologists and others can also use GIS.

GIS Operations

Data In a GIS

Modeling Geometry

GIS Software Architecture

Research Topics

Visualization Applications Main Page
HyperVis Table of Contents

Last modified on March 02, 1999, G. Scott Owen,